February 1, 2019

The great American pop art icon Andy Warhol was born as Andrew Warhola in Pittsburgh in 1928. His parents, of Ruthenian origin from present-day Slovakia, had emigrated to the US. After an artistic training, Warhol started his career in the advertising world. He started his career as a visual artist in the mid-1950s. With his blotted line technique, he immediately brings innovation to the art world. A first kind of printing technique with which he puts himself in the spotlight at a time of growing industrialization. A few years later he switched to the silkscreen printing technique, with which he conquered his unique place in art history. Warhol saw himself as a living machine, an idea that was enhanced with his studio ‘The Factory’ in New York. He created numerous paintings but barely touched a brush, he was the artist who never painted (conventionally). Besides the technical side of his work, his subjects are also of great importance. The well-known flowers, soup cans, dollar signs, celebrity portraits, the Death & Disaster series, etc. He used images from newspapers or photographed famous actors and singers himself. He is the artist who practically represents the pop art movement, art by and for the people. A style that fits seamlessly with the flower power mentality of the 60s. Throughout his career he gained international recognition and became an idol himself. He also created numerous covers for LPs and was active in the fashion and film world. In 1968, he was shot by Valerie Solanas. He survived the shooting incident, but knew the physical consequences of this until the end of his life, and freedom in the Factory was also limited. From the 1970s he also became more businesslike and mainly visits celebrities and appears in their environments. He eventually died in 1987 of cardiac arrest as a result of gallbladder surgery. His oeuvre is spread across numerous museums and private collections worldwide. He is regarded as one of the greatest innovators in modern art. In 1994, The Andy Warhol Museum was also established in his hometown.